Monday, January 9, 2012

Ampere Area, early 20th Century

 Above: I had seen this early 20th century postcard photo many times of Ampere looking east with that building in the distance, but it looked like a modern office building and I couldn't figure out why there would be a huge, somewhat modern looking 4 or 5 story office building in that neighborhood in the early 1900's. Now I know it was a "factory," a gigantic bakery. The Ward Bakery (makers of Tip Top Bread) building was built in 1914/15. A 1917 Moody's report said the "factory" could turn out 120,000 loaves in ten hours. View is looking east down 4th Ave. across the intersection of 4th Ave. and 18th St. It looks like 4th goes under the RR which wasn't elevated till about 1922 so photo is probably circa 1925. Stockton students were walked over to Ward's as a field trip in the 1st or 2nd grade.

Above: view is looking south down N. 16th St, across 4th Avenue; railroad tracks are behind the photographer and to his left; 4th Avenue railroad crossing is to the left.

Above and below: looking east on 4th Ave across 19th St intersection

Above: Morrow Brothers Grocery (1905-1967)

                                                           Morrow Brothers Grocery photos courtesy of Jane Morrow Israel

                                                                  Below: Interior of Morrow Brothers Grocery

Above: view is looking west; Columbian School is to photographer's left.

Above: North 22nd Street; view is looking south from Springdale Avenue toward 4th Avenue;
Columbian Playground is behind houses on the right

Above: Crocker-Wheeler is behind the station

Below: view NW across the tracks from the Crocker-Wheeler side 

Above: Springdale Avenue and North Maple Avenue

Below: looking south on North 18th Street from 4th Avenue

Eastern School Area, early 20th Century

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the area centered on the high ground of the Maple Avenue and Main Street intersection was called Peck's Hill or Pecktown. This historic area was destroyed about 1965 when Main St was relocated to make way for I-280.

Above: view is looking north across the bridge over the railroad;
building acoss the bridge to the right was named Calvary Baptist Church at the time of the photo,  home of an African-American congregation that took over the church in 1891 when the original white congregation built a new church at Main St and Hawthorne Ave, First Baptist Church of East Orange; the church in the photo had originally been established in 1837 as the First Baptist Church of Orange. The Eastern School property is behind homes that would be to the photographer's left 

Above: view is looking west on Main St toward Maple Avenue;
Grove Street Congregational Church is to the photographer's right

Above: Hollywood Avenue Fire Station (Eastern Hose Company #2) built about 1909; Grove Street Lackawanna Station is to photographer's right; 
steeple in left background is First Congregational Church

Above: Grove Street First Congregational Church, 1913, NE corner of Grove and Main; 
 photo is courtesy of East Orange Images of America by Bill Hart, Arcadia Publishing

The Palmer House was a boarding hotel on the NW corner of Main St and Maple Avenue

Above: Steuben Street
Below: New Street and Maple Avenue